Many modern technical applications rely on accurate and precise production of thin films. In current industrial applications, such films are generally deposited at low pressures, using metal evaporation or chemical vapor deposition. These processes require significant energy and equipment investments while coating only a small fraction of the intended surfaces. In solution-based processing methods, thin films can be produced under ambient conditions by directly applying an ink a substrate using simple spin, mist, or laminar-flow coating. Such processing can save energy and capital investment in expensive machinery, while also minimizing the waste associated with indiscriminate coating. By using cluster-based prompt inorganic condensation, (PIC), the Center for Sustainable Materials Chemistry is advancing the use of chemistry for the production of high-performance materials.
The Center is currently pursuing 9 projects that fall within the following 6 interconnected PIC-related themes: